Informative Speech Outline

Informative Speech Outline


Title: “The Lady with the Lamp”

General Purpose Statement: To inform

Specific Purpose Statement: To inform the audience about Florence Nightingale and her impact on healthcare.

Thesis Statement: Florence Nightingale established the basis for nursing, advocating the importance of the healthcare environment and setting expectation for nurses then and now.

Organizational Pattern: topical



Attention Material: Most believe that doctors are the backbone of the healthcare field, but it’s actually the nurses. They, along with CNA’s, orderlies, and others, help keep the medical facilities in check.


Reason to Listen: Many people don’t know how different nursing was back then, and don’t know that Florence Nightingale was the main reason for its reform.


Thesis Statement: Florence Nightingale established the basis for nursing, advocating the importance of the healthcare environment and setting expectations for nurses then and now.


Credibility Statement: I chose to talk about Florence because I find her work interesting, and it relates to me because I’m a nursing student.


Preview of Main Points: We are going to learn the life of Florence Nightingale, the main turning point of her career, and how that affected her life and the continuing generation of nurses.





  1. Background


  1. Childhood
  2. Nightingale was born in 1820.


  1. Her family was considered part of the “social elites” in Britain.
  2. Jerome Carson and Elizabeth Wakely, authors in History Today (2013), said

that, “she experienced episodes of depression linked to her restricted Victorian childhood”.


  1. She was home-schooled because girls weren’t allowed to attend universities at the








  1. Going Against Society
  2. Florence experienced a lot of restriction because she was a woman.


  1. Her parents did not want her to get a job as a nurse. They felt that it was impractical for



  1. Philip A. Mackowiak, MD and Sonja V. Batten, PhD, writers in “Military Medicine”

(2008) described the job as, “the then-masculine vocation of nursing”.







Transitional Statement: Nightingale wanted to prove society wrong, and she finally got her chance in 1853.


  1. Crimean War


  1. The War Itself


  1. In September 1853, British and French soldiers fought alongside of Turkey in Crimea, against Russia for the Ottoman Empire.


  1. A year later, the fight brought in over 18,000 wounded soldiers into Crimean hospitals.


  1. This is when Secretary of War, Sidney Herbert, called for Florence to be the chief nurse, along with 38 nurses to come and help take care of the soldiers.


  1. Disgusting Conditions


  1. Crimean hospitals had inadequate conditions for the wounded.
    1. Nancy M. Steele, PhD and author of the article, “A Time to Celebrate: Florence Nightingale” (2017), described the scene as a, “dilapidated, filthy, quadrangle building that was overcrowded, unsanitary, and infested with rodents and bugs”.
    2. These poor conditions made the mortality rate skyrocket.


  1. Nightingale was appalled at these conditions and quickly worked to reform them.
  2. She called the British government to provide adequate shelter, facilities, clothing; whatever was needed to make sure the soldiers would recover.
  3. She worked tirelessly to take care of the soldiers, walking around in even the night to make her rounds. This is how Patricia D’Antonio, a professor and writer for “The Lancet” (2002), said she got the name, “The Lady with the Lamp”.



Transition Statement: This event sparked Nightingale’s passion for environmental change in healthcare. She wanted to make sure that patients would experience comfort during their healing process.



III. Contributions to Healthcare


  1. Florence’s Environmental Theory


  1. This theory, as Terri Zborowsky, PhD, author of “The Legacy of Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory” (2014) describes that it, “can be viewed as a systems model that focuses on the “client” in the center, surrounded by aspects of the environment all in balance”.


  1. She believed that factors like the way a room is set up, the noise or ventilation of the facility, or even the impression of the staff would make a big difference (Zborowsky, p. 20, 2014).


  1. She based this off her own experience with bedside care.


  1. Nursing Education


  1. She established the first nursing curriculum at St. Thomas Hospital in London, which later continued to modern nursing education.


  1. She published the first nursing textbook, “Notes on Nursing”.













Transition to conclusion: After this, Florence’s career was coming closer to the end of her career, but this was only the beginning for those wanting to be nurses after her.



Restate Thesis: Florence Nightingale established the basis for nursing, advocating the importance of the healthcare environment and setting expectation for nurses then and now.



Review of Main Points: We’ve gone over Florence’s homelife, how it fueled her passion for proving society wrong, her career and contributions, and how those impacted healthcare.



Relate back to introduction: Though she experienced a sad life, with her depression and her family’s and society’s doubt, she didn’t let those stop her from doing what she was passionate about.



Final thought: She, along with many other historical figures, are the reason why we are where we are today.






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