Structure and Function of the Respiratory System

Instructions

SPECIFIC APA GUIDELINES FOR MEDICAL SURGICAL II & III

APA PAPER student topic selection and expectations.

You will find many topic choices throughout the syllabus under TOPICS. Try to choose one that interests you or inspires you.

REMEMBER STUDENTS THIS COUNTS AS AN EXAM GRADE!

 FINAL GRADE BREAKDOWN FOR APA PAPER

                                         Possible Points Points Received
Cover Page 10
Abstract 10
Body of Information 50
References 10
APA, In Text Citations, 

Grammar & Spelling

20

APA FORMAT PAPER

 

TITLE PAGE

ABSTRACT

BODY OF PAPER (MINIMUM 4 PAGES)

NOTE: THE TITLE PAGE, ABSTRACT AND REFERENCE PAGES DO NOT COUNT AS BODY OF PAPER.

THE BODY OF THE PAPER REQUIRES A 4 PAGE MINUMUM.

REMEMBER IN TEXT CITATION SHOULD BE THROUGHOUT YOUR PAPER. PLEASE DO NOT HAND IN A PAPER WITH ONLY A REFERENCE SHEET.

LASTLY, I HAVE PROVIDED MANY RESOURCES TOSUPPORT YOU WITH THIS……. USE THEM!

WARNING: PLAGERISM WILL NOT BE TOLERATED!!

GRAMMARLY OFFERS A FREE SERVICE CHECKER AND EDITOR

THIS WILL ALOW YOU TO SUBMIT YOUR PAPER TO HAVE SPELLING, GRAMMER AND PUNCTUATION CHECKED.

WHEN WRITING BODY OF PAPER FOLLOW THESE RULES:

 

 

Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. And must be in quotations. Use QUOTATIONS sparingly paraphrasing and summarizing should be used as much as possible. Do not turn in a paper with all quotes.

Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.

Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material.

  • Read the entire text, noting the key points and main ideas.
  • Summarize in your own words what the single main idea of the essay is.
  • Paraphrase important supporting points that come up in the essay.
  • Consider any words, phrases, or brief passages that you believe should be quoted directly.

In-Text Citations: The Basics

 

APA CITATION BASICS

 

When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference. All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

IN-TEXT CITATION CAPITALIZATION, QUOTES, AND ITALICS/UNDERLINING

  • Always capitalize proper nouns, including author names and initials: D. Jones.
  • If you refer to the title of a source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long or greater within the title of a source: Permanence and Change. Exceptions apply to short words that are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs: Writing New MediaThere Is Nothing Left to Lose.

(Note: in your References list, only the first word of a title will be capitalized: Writing new media.)

  • When capitalizing titles, capitalize both words in a hyphenated compound word: Natural-Born Cyborgs.
  • Capitalize the first word after a dash or colon: “Defining Film Rhetoric: The Case of Hitchcock’s Vertigo.”
  • Italicize the titles of longer works such as books, edited collections, movies, television series, documentaries, or albums: The Closing of the American MindThe Wizard of OzFriends.
  • Put quotation marks around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles, articles from edited collections, television series episodes, and song titles: “Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds;” “The One Where Chandler Can’t Cry.”

SHORT QUOTATIONS

If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference (preceded by “p.”). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.

According to Jones (1998), “Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time” (p. 199).

Jones (1998) found “students often had difficulty using APA style” (p. 199); what implications does this have for teachers?

If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation.

She stated, “Students often had difficulty using APA style” (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.

LONG QUOTATIONS

Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation 1/2 inch from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.

Jones’s (1998) study found the following:

Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help. (p. 199)

SUMMARY OR PARAPHRASE

If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference, but APA guidelines encourage you to also provide the page number (although it is not required).

According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.

APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Jones, 1998, p. 199).

GOOD LUCK STUDENTS REMEMBER THIS COUNTS AS AN EXAM GRADE!!!

THOUGHTFULLY PROF. V

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