response to classmate discussion board post

Instructions

When you are respond please can you also add more items to show new ideas and not just agree with their posts:

Classmate 1: Kelly:

Professor Gill and classmates:

Over the course of the past decade, I have identified a significant knowledge deficit in patients with both new and existing diagnoses of Diabetes Mellitus II. In both inpatient and home settings, most of the people I cared for were non-compliant and poorly educated about diet, blood sugar monitoring, and treatment. An alarming number of patients admitted to taking a few units of insulin here and there without performing a glucose check first. Because Diabetes is not only manageable- but preventable- education is paramount.

Person: This disease affects both sexes across all cultures and socioeconomic classes. Type II Diabetes has a gradual onset with main risk factors being genetics and lifestyle, so incidence of the disease will naturally increase based on individual habits. Processed foods, simple carbohydrates, and high sugar content are major contributors to the increasing rates of new cases and are in almost every food we consume now. Males tend to be affected at a slightly higher rate than females at 6.2% and 5.9% per 100,000, respectively. (Khan, 2020) In terms of race in the US, Native Americans have the greatest prevalence of diabetes, followed by Hispanics. As with many non-communicable diseases, America’s Health Rankings reports that individuals who earn less than $25,000 annually and hold less than a high school education are affected at higher rates. (United Health Foundation, 2021) As we all know, poverty and food deserts lead to poor nutritional intake and a multitude of subsequent health problems.

Place: The Diabetes Association of Atlanta reports that Diabetes was responsible for an estimated 610,000 adult inpatient hospital admissions nationwide and was the seventh leading cause of death in Georgia in 2010. (Diabetes Assoc. of Atlanta, 2017) While there is a high prevalence in my state with nearly 10% of the current adult population having been diagnosed, the problem spans not only across the country, but the entire globe. The distribution is greater in developing countries which can be linked to the move from an indigenous diet and the adoption of a western diet. “Alarmingly high incidence rates recorded in island nations in the Pacific region are an indication of the interaction between genetic predisposition and the effect of rapid nutritional change on these indigenous populations.” (Kahn, 2020)

Time: Kahn et al analyzed the most recent data set from the Global Burden of Disease using IBM SPSS to forecast future rates of diabetes across the world. Their results showed that 6.28% of the world’s population has diabetes. The rate of incidence continues and will continue to rise despite significant investments in public programs and interventions. Kahn’s analysis forecasts a 1% rise in DM II cases by the year 2030. Perhaps the best way to make an impact on the incidence of diabetes is to invest as many- if not more- resources in education and prevention as we do in treatment.

 

Kahn, MAB., et al. (2020). Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes – Global Burden of Disease and Forecasted Trends. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health. 2020 Mar; 10(1): 107–111. Retrieved from https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc7310804 (Links to an external site.)

 

Diabetes Association of Atlanta. (2017). Georgia Facts. Retrieved from https://www.diabetesatlanta.org (Links to an external site.)

 

United Health Foundation. (2021). Public Health Impact: Diabetes. America’s Health Rankings. Retrieved from https://www.americashealthrankings.org/explore/annual/measure/diabetes

Classmate 2: Ruthza:

Dear Professor and classmates,

Some of the conditions and diseases that affect the society and could be of interest to professionals and also impact the community include; Cholera, COVID-19, Cancers, HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis among others.  In the recent years, COVID-19 is a communicable disease that still bothers the entire world and has disrupted life generally thus it is a condition of choice for discussion and analysis based on its impact and its effect on the people within the community. In December 2019, a variant respiratory disease or condition was discovered in certain parts of China, Wuhan and before it could be contained, it had spread to several parts of the world in early 2020 and the rates of infections and deaths got worse across the year with numerous hospitals being in dire need of professionals, equipment and all the strategies that could be used to address and contain the pandemic (Andersen et al., 2020). Corona virus is a respiratory virus that is transmittable through contact, transfer of droplets in sneeze or coughs that would transmit the virus from one person to another. Even though reported to be severe and worse among elderly persons, the virus has since been reported across populations with men, women and children across all races and origins affected and at risk of the disease, COVID-19 disease.

Corona virus is a very infectious virus causing the COVID-19 disease, it can be transmitted from one person to another as long as the two people are in direct contact with each other and they can share air and also transmit their sneezing effects into each other. The disease as transmittable and infectious as it is has caused a global uproar and a pandemic that has called for several interventions. Some of the signs and symptoms of the virus include weakness, reduced oxygen, difficulty breathing, weakness along the joints, and also lack of taste among others (Li et al., 2020). Treatment has been considered to be a boost of body immunity, a focus on practices that do not expose one to its danger such as isolation, avoidance of crowded places and also coming up with important containment measures (Salehi et al., 2020). The community must be very vigilant and aware of the dangerous effects and impacts of the virus because it has led to the deaths of very many people and still several hospitalized while also affecting the economy and life in general.

References,

Andersen, K.G., Rambaut, A., Lipkin, W.I., Holmes, E.C., & Garry, R.F. (2020). The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2. Nature Medicine, 26(4), 450-452. Doi: 10.1038/s41591-020-0820-9

Li, C., Zhao, C., Bao, J., Tang, B., Wang, Y., & Gu, B. (2020).Laboratory diagnosis of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry, 510(1), 35-46. doi:10.1016/j.cca.2020.06.045

Salehi, S., Abedi, A., Balakrishnan, S., & Gholamrezanezhad, A. (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Systematic Review of Imaging Findings in 919 Patients. AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology, 215(1), 87-93. doi:10.2214/AJR.20.23034

Classmate 2:

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