All “Quotes” should be in bold letters.
Very Important: You have to use at least 5 different readings or more in your overall answers. In this way, you can exemplify a full understanding of most of the material. Using the same readings for your answers doesn’t adequately exemplify what you know from the material we covered. Each question is worth 30 points, except for the extra credit opportunity.
Special Tip: I encourage you to double check your answers and do a couple of drafts to make sure everything is there that you want to convey and that it is well written and organized. Make sure you are answering all the questions and doing what is required for each question. You can’t get full points if the questions are not complete.
I look forward to reading what you have learned so far.
Define the concepts: resistance, renewal, and reform. Then, give an example in at least 1 reading and 1 video where African Americans are enacting these concepts. For example, to fulfill the requirement of the answer, you might use one reading to give an example of resistance, another reading to give an example of renewal, and a video to exemplify reform. Or, you can use 2 readings to demonstrate examples. Remember: these tactics of resistance, renewal, and reform were often used simultaneously by African Americans and authors of our readings.
Sankofa Two: SELF-DEFINITION/RACE & RACIALIZATION. In this section we have two readings by Hurston and Douglass and a video by Baldwin. All of these African American leaders are exemplifying the self-defining of their race and addressing racialization. That is, when two things happen: (1) the self-defining group, in this case African Americans, develops an identity that is based on the values and qualities deemed important to the self-defining group, not on values and qualities that are imposed by an outside group, in this case the dominant group: Euro-Americans; and (2) the self-defining group actively negates the values and qualities that are imposed by an outside group. With this said, choose 2 of the 3 authors and point out how they enact self-defining through one or both of these above definitions.
Define the term Black Nationalist. Then, use at least two assigned readings (Martin Delany, Marcus Garvey, David Walker) that assist you in supporting that definition and exemplifying African American leadership enacting Black Nationalism. Place the readings in conversation with each other. That is, answer the following questions: How is the concept of Black Nationalism used similarly? How is Black Nationalism used differently? How do both of the authors in the readings promote the importance of Black Nationalism in enacting social justice and promoting social change?
We examined a number of authors and perspectives so far in the semester. Practicing reflection, which we have been doing in our class discussions, how has your perspective and/or worldview been impacted by reviewing African American histories and social justice theories? What two important lessons have you learned? How might you enact and practice social justice in your daily life and future career? Please draw from at least 2 different assigned readings. If you like, you can instead draw on at least 1 reading and 1 video.
Connecting our social justice theories to current events, you will demonstrate your understanding of the concepts resistance, reform, and/or renewal by collecting 2 memes from social media representing the current use of these concepts by African Americans in addressing oppression such as racism, discrimination, and inequities. In other words, from the examples in our book and my PowerPoint, what do these concepts look like in the modern-day activism of African Americans. Follow these guidelines closely to adequately explain your meme:
For each meme you should provide the following:
Image: this should be a picture of the meme/actual meme itself. Under the picture, cite the date, location (social media site) creator/presenter (social media handle) and link to the meme (if possible).
Description: describe the meme and what is shown in the image. (Ex: meme features text messages exchanged in green bubble and grey bubble or meme is a drawing of a brown woman with 12 long multicolored paintbrushes for hair) Basically if a person could not see the meme, you want them to grasp the image from your description.
Explanation: What does the meme mean? How does the meme deliver the concept to the viewer?
Relevance: How is the meme relevant? Does it use a pop culture reference? Historical event? An underground cult tv show? Comics? Music?
Terminology: after sharing the concept provide a definition of this concept from our material.